Clinical Guide: Bite Wounds

Periodic requests come down for information on bite wounds in living patients. However, there are caveats to this one— research is only included that was applicable to the work of clinicians. Any of the research on bite mark impressions and the challenges to that science are not included here (no disrespect to our forensic odontology colleagues, but that’s a very different area of science). Contained here are articles related to identifying, managing, sampling and documenting bite wounds in the living patient.

Articles (General)

A Forensic Classification Of Distortion In Human Bite Marks

Sheasby DR, MacDonald DG. A Forensic Classification Of Distortion In Human Bite Marks. Forensic Sci Int. 2001 Oct 15;122(1):75-8.
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Aging Of Bitemarks: A Literature Review

Dailey JC, Bowers CM. Aging Of Bitemarks: A Literature Review. J Forensic Sci. 1997 Sep;42(5):792-5.
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Anatomical Location Of Bitemarks And Associated Findings In 101 Cases From The United States

Pretty IA, Sweet D. Anatomical Location Of Bitemarks And Associated Findings In 101 Cases From The United States. J Forensic Sci. 2000 Jul;45(4):812-4.
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Can We Identify Abusive Bites On Children?

Kemp A, Maguire SA, Sibert J, Frost R, Adams C, Mann M. Can We Identify Abusive Bites On Children? Arch Dis Child. 2006 Nov;91(11):951.
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Development And Validation Of A Human Bitemark Severity And Significance Scale

Pretty IA. Development And Validation Of A Human Bitemark Severity And Significance Scale. J Forensic Sci. 2007 May;52(3):687-91.
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Forensic Dentistry And Human Bite Marks: Issues For Doctors

Pretty IA, Hall RC. Forensic Dentistry And Human Bite Marks: Issues For Doctors. Hosp Med. 2002 Aug;63(8):476-82.
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Human Biting Of Children And Oral Manifestations Of Abuse: A Case Report And Literature Review

Lee LY, Ilan J, Mulvey T. Human Biting Of Children And Oral Manifestations Of Abuse: A Case Report And Literature Review. ASDC J Dent Child. 2002 Jan-Apr;69(1):92-5, 14.
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Oral and Dental Aspects of Child Abuse and Neglect

Kellogg N. and the Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect. Oral and Dental Aspects of Child Abuse and Neglect. (FULL-TEXT). Pediatrics 2005 116(6): 1565-68.
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Seven Hundred Seventy Eight Bite Marks: Analysis By Anatomic Location, Victim And Biter Demographics, Type Of Crime, And Legal Disposition

Freeman AJ, Senn DR, Arendt DM. Seven Hundred Seventy Eight Bite Marks: Analysis By Anatomic Location, Victim And Biter Demographics, Type Of Crime, And Legal Disposition. J Forensic Sci. 2005 Nov;50(6):1436-43.
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Articles (Management)

Managing Human Bites

Patil PD, Panchabhai TS, Galwankar SC. Managing Human Bites. (FULL-TEXT). J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2009;2(3):186-190. doi:10.4103/0974-2700.55331.
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Predicting Serious Complications And High Cost Of Treatment Of Tooth-Knuckle Injuries: A Systematic Literature Review

Smith HR, Hartman H, Loveridge J, Gunnarsson R. Predicting Serious Complications And High Cost Of Treatment Of Tooth-Knuckle Injuries: A Systematic Literature Review. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2016 Jun 30. [Epub ahead of print].
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Articles (Photography)

Standards And Practices For Bite Mark Photography

Golden GS. Standards And Practices For Bite Mark Photography. (FULL-TEXT). J Forensic Odontostomatol. 2011 Dec 1;29(2):29-37.
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Articles (Sampling)

Relevance Of Sampling And DNA Extraction Techniques For The Analysis Of Salivary Evidence From Bite Marks: A Case Report

Chávez-Briones ML, Hernández-Cortés R, Jaramillo-Rangel G, Ortega-Martínez M.
Relevance Of Sampling And DNA Extraction Techniques For The Analysis Of Salivary Evidence From Bite Marks: A Case Report. Genet Mol Res. 2015 Aug 21;14(3):10165-71. doi: 10.4238/2015.August.21.23.
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