Clinical Guide: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting

There isn’t a large amount of clinically-focused information out there on female genital mutilation/cutting, and much of it is specific to obstetrics. I rounded up what appeared to be the best and most current articles and clinical guidelines. As always, it’s not exhaustive (I opted to leave most of the obstetric-specific information out), but it should be useful for forensic practices. This is really the clinical information related to screening, assessing, clinical complications, and so forth. 

(Updated 7/2018)

From FHO

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting

USAID has an online education site with quite a few reproductive health courses. One of them is on female genital mutilation/cutting. Because this issue is coming up for us in a variety of clinical situations, I thought it would be…

Read More

Clinical Guidelines and Policy Statements

Assessment and Screening: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting

Assessment and Screening: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (Canadian Paediatric Society, April 2018)
READ MORE

Care of Girls and Women Living with Female Genital Mutilation

Care of Girls and Women Living with Female Genital Mutilation: A Clinical Handbook (WHO, 2018)
READ MORE

Clinical Practice Guideline: Female Genital Cutting

Clinical Practice Guideline: Female Genital Cutting (The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, November 2013)
READ MORE

Female Genital Cutting: An Evidence-Based Approach to Clinical Management for the Primary Care Physician

Female Genital Cutting: An Evidence-Based Approach to Clinical Management for the Primary Care Physician (Mayo Clinic Proceedings, June 2013)
READ MORE

Female Genital Mutilation and its Management

Female Genital Mutilation and its Management (Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, July 2015)
READ MORE

Ritual Genital Cutting of Female Minors

Ritual Genital Cutting of Female Minors (American Academy of Pediatrics, April 2010)
READ MORE

WHO Guidelines on the Management Of Health Complications from Female Genital Mutilation

WHO Guidelines On The Management Of Health Complications From Female Genital Mutilation (2016)
READ MORE

Articles (full-text and abstracts)

An Updated Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of The Obstetric Consequences Of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting

Berg RC, Odgaard-Jensen J, Fretheim A, Underland V, Vist G. An Updated Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of The Obstetric Consequences Of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. (FULL-TEXT). Obstet Gynecol Int. 2014;2014:542859. doi: 10.1155/2014/542859.
READ MORE

Effects Of Female Genital Cutting On Physical Health Outcomes: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis

Berg RC, Underland V, Odgaard-Jensen J, Fretheim A, Vist GE.
Effects Of Female Genital Cutting On Physical Health Outcomes: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis. (FULL-TEXT). BMJ Open. 2014 Nov 21;4(11):e006316. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006316.
READ MORE

Female Genital Cutting: A Persisting Practice

Nour NM. Female Genital Cutting: A Persisting Practice. (FULL-TEXT). Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Summer;1(3):135-9.
READ MORE

Female Genital Mutilation: The Role Of Health Professionals In Prevention, Assessment, And Management

Simpson J, Robinson K, Creighton SM, Hodes D. Female Genital Mutilation: The Role Of Health Professionals In Prevention, Assessment, And Management. BMJ. 2012 Mar 14;344:e1361. doi: 10.1136/bmj.e1361.
READ MORE

Female Genital Mutilation: What Every Paediatrician Should Know

Creighton SM, Hodes D. Female Genital Mutilation: What Every Paediatrician Should Know. Arch Dis Child. 2016 Mar;101(3):267-71. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2014-307234.
READ MORE

Knowledge Of Female Genital Cutting And Experience With Women Who Are Circumcised: A Survey Of Nurse-Midwives In The United States

Hess RF, Weinland J, Saalinger NM. Knowledge Of Female Genital Cutting And Experience With Women Who Are Circumcised: A Survey Of Nurse-Midwives In The United States. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2010 Jan-Feb;55(1):46-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2009.01.005.
READ MORE

Medicalized Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Contentious Practices and Persistent Debates

Kimani S, Shell-Duncan B. Medicalized Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Contentious Practices and Persistent Debates. (FULL-TEXT) Curr Sex Health Rep. 2018;10(1):25-34.
READ MORE

The Ongoing Violence Against Women: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting

Muteshi JK, Miller S, Belizán JM. The Ongoing Violence Against Women: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. (FULL-TEXT). Reprod Health. 2016 Apr 18;13:44. doi: 10.1186/s12978-016-0159-3.
READ MORE

Book Chapters and Subscription Services

Female Genital Cutting

Nour, N. (2018). Female Genital Cutting. Up To Date.
READ MORE

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting

Bennett, S. (2011). Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. In Child Abuse and Neglect: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Evidence (Jenny, C., Ed.). Elsevier, St. Louis, MO.
READ MORE

Reports

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Health Providers Should Be Advocates For Change

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Health Providers Should Be Advocates For Change. (Population Reference Bureau)
READ MORE

Women and Girls at Risk of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in the United States

Women and Girls at Risk of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in the United States.
(Population Reference Bureau)
READ MORE

Related: WHO publications on female genital mutilation (FGM) and harmful practices

Related: WHO publications on female genital mutilation (FGM) and harmful practices
READ MORE